Jan 23, 2021

INTRODUCTON TO JOURNALISM: Readings for Students

Disclaimer: The content below is shared to help students prepare notes during Covid-19.   

SEMESTER-1 READINGS

INTRODUCTON OF JOURNALISM


Unit I- Understanding News

Ingredients of news 

Links: https://www.owlgen.in/discuss-about-ingredients-of-the-news/

https://www.google.com/url?q=http://old-book.ru.ac.th/e-book/e/EN421/en421-1.pdf&usg=AFQjCNGM5XnRZ-1rR7HcMil60ond75cpUA

 

News: Meaning, definition, nature

 

Links: http://studylecturenotes.com/what-is-news-meaning-definition-and-sources-of-news/

https://www.thenewsmanual.net/Manuals%20Volume%201/volume1_01.htm

 

The news process: from the event to the reader (how news is carried from event to reader)

 

Links:  https://processofwritingnews.wordpress.com/chapter-two-turning-information-into-news/

https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.infocore.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/def_news_production.pdf&usg=AFQjCNH2RVUxo8mrzdFX_b1-aSSdSAp8AQ

 

Hard news vs. Soft news

Links: 

https://www.digitalnewsreport.org/survey/2016/hard-soft-news-2016/#:~:text='Hard'%20news%20is%20typically%20used,%2C%20celebrity%2C%20and%20lifestyle%20news.

https://www.vskills.in/certification/blog/news-reporting-understanding-the-difference-between-hard-and-soft-news/

https://www.masscommunicationtalk.com/hard-news-soft-news.html

https://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/journalism1/journalism-writing-the-hard-news-story/

https://sites.google.com/site/liamjournalismportfoliofinal/hard-news/examples-of-hard-news

https://penandthepad.com/write-soft-news-article-4559350.html

https://www.clarion.edu/academics/student-success-center/writing-center/helpful-hints-for-journalistic-writing.pdf

 

Basic components of a news story

Links: https://siped.org/sybmm/semester-4/introduction-to-journalism/explain-the-basic-components-of-a-news-story/

https://oustudentjournalism.wordpress.com/components-of-a-news-story-what-must-a-news-story-include/ 

Attribution, on-record, off-the record, embargo

Links: https://www.thenewsmanual.net/Manuals%20Volume%201/volume1_09.htm\

https://www.thoughtco.com/attribution-when-writing-news-stories-2074313\

https://rethinkmedia.org/blog/on-record-off-record-on-background-and-not-attribution-explained

https://www-writersdigest-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.writersdigest.com/.amp/online-exclusives/journo-jargon-on-the-record-vs-off-the-record-vs-on-background?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16112098571577&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.writersdigest.com%2Fonline-exclusives%2Fjourno-jargon-on-the-record-vs-off-the-record-vs-on-background

https://www.thebalancesmb.com/off-the-record-on-background-and-not-for-attribution-2295934

https://publicrelationssydney.com.au/embargoes-what-are-they-and-when-to-use-them-2/

https://university-relations.umn.edu/blog/2018/08/31/what%E2%80%99s-news-embargo

 

Verification, balance, fairness, brevity, dateline, credit line and byline

Links:https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/journalism-essentials/verification-accuracy/journalism-discipline-verification/

https://ethics.journalists.org/topics/balance-and-fairness/

https://mediahelpingmedia.org/2006/06/09/fairness-in-journalism/

https://findanyanswer.com/what-is-brevity-in-news#:~:text=April%2018%2C%202017.-,Brevity%20is%20shortness%20in%20duration%20and%2For%20conciseness%20of%20expression,at%20the%20expense%20of%20clarity.

https://www.poynter.org/reporting-editing/2003/datelines-bylines-other-lines/#:~:text=The%20dateline%20should%20heighten%20the,my%20name%20is%20on%20it.%E2%80%9D

http://newspaperarticleyear6.weebly.com/headlines-byline-lead-and-supporting-paragraphs.html 

https://writingcenter.uagc.edu/journalistic-writing#:~:text=Writing%20with%20brevity%20(short%20and,difficult%20it%20is%20to%20understand.&text=Journalists%20therefore%20strive%20to%20keep,sentence%20long%2C%20which%20if%20fine.

https://handbook.reuters.com/index.php?title=News_Presentation&oldid=2681

http://www.mayebteach.org/JRNHandouts/PartsofPaper.htm

 

Unit II - Different forms of print-A historical Perspective

Yellow journalism

Links : https://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-yellow-journalism.html

https://www.britannica.com/topic/yellow-journalism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_journalism#:~:text=Yellow%20journalism%20and%20the%20yellow,scandal%2Dmongering%2C%20or%20sensationalism.

 

Penny press, tabloid press

Links : https://www.thoughtco.com/penny-press-definition-1773293

https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/BryanBonhorst/the-penny-press

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304162715_Digital_Journalism_And_Tabloid_Journalism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabloid_journalism

 

 

Language of news- Robert Gunning: Principles of clear writing

Rudolf Flesch formula- skills to write news

Links -

http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~wstarbuc/Writing/Flesch.htm

https://marketbusinessnews.com/financial-glossary/flesch-formula/amp/

https://academic.udayton.edu/cmm330/Topics/9_Lectures&Guides/Writing/GunningsTen.htm

https://www.trindent.com/ten-principles-of-clear-statements-for-business-writing

 

 

 

Unit III - Understanding the structure and construction of news

Links: https://www.slideshare.net/Brett509/organizing-a-news-story 

.http://www.uvm.edu/~jbrown7/envjournalism/principles%20of%20news%20and%20newswriting.html 

 https://www.universalclass.com/articles/writing/crafting-and-structuring-the-news-story-in-journalism.htm 

.https://premium.wpmudev.org/blog/a-simple-sure-fire-way-to-create-great-content-the-5-w-the-h/

https://writingcooperative.com/how-to-structure-an-article-the-inverted-pyramid-8fa0c165fcae 

https://www.digitalthirdcoast.com/blog/values-content-newsworthy 

https://ethicaljournalismnetwork.org/who-we-are/5-principles-of-journalism 

https://www.thenewsmanual.net/Manuals%20Volume%203/volume3_59.htm 

https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/Brett509/organizing-a-news-story

https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-structure-news-stories-2074332

https://www.thoughtco.com/journalists-questions-5-ws-and-h-1691205

http://www.journogyan.com/2017/03/news-writing-five-ws-and-one-h.html?m=1

https://ohiostate.pressbooks.pub/stratcommwriting/chapter/inverted-pyramid-style/

 

Criteria for newsworthiness, principles of news selection

Links: https://uptakedigital.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/115002236474-The-Seven-Elements-of-Newsworthiness

https://www.sourcebottle.com/blog/WHAT-DOES-NEWSWORTHY-MEAN-AND-WHY-DOES-IT-MATTER

http://www.uvm.edu/~jbrown7/envjournalism/principles%20of%20news%20and%20newswriting.html

https://blogs.setonhill.edu/Journalism/2007/11/chris-ulicne-test-handout-60.html

https://ethicaljournalismnetwork.org/who-we-are/5-principles-of-journalism

 

Use of archives, sources of news, use of internet

Links:  https://onemanandhisblog.com/2019/04/beyond-news-understanding-the-role-of-archives-in-journalism-businesses/

 https://www.kings.cam.ac.uk/archive-centre/introduction-to-archives/a/1#:~:text=Archive%20(External%20Site)-,Why%20Are%20Archives%20Important%3F,identity%20and%20understanding%20of%20cultures.

https://uwm.edu/speakersbureau/presentations/the-importance-of-records-and-archives-in-society/

http://studylecturenotes.com/source-of-news-in-journalism-radio-tv-newspapers-magazines/

https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/shalinipandey77985/ppt-final-31794762

  

Unit IV – Different mediums-a comparison

Language and principles of writing on different media platforms 

Links: https://www.google.com/url?q=http://osou.ac.in/eresources/Different%2520types%2520of%2520media%2520and%2520reporting.pdf&usg=AFQjCNGPyOwSgqYbz3PtlZfLjrR8nlcJjA 

Basic differences between the print, electronic and online journalism, Citizen Journalism

Links:https://www-geeksforgeeks-org.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.geeksforgeeks.org/difference-between-print-media-and-electronic-media/amp/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16112133380412&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.geeksforgeeks.org%2Fdifference-between-print-media-and-electronic-media%2F

https://keydifferences.com/difference-between-print-and-electronic-media.html

https://www.britannica.com/topic/citizen-journalism

https://blogs.setonhill.edu/Journalism/2007/11/chris-ulicne-test-handout-60.html

https://www.techopedia.com/definition/2386/citizen-journalism

 https://yourstory.com/mystory/online-journalism

 

Unit V- Role of Media in a democracy

Responsibility to Society

Links:https://www.toppr.com/guides/business-studies/social-responsibilities-of-business/kinds-of-social-responsibility/

http://www.ojr.org/p1648/#:~:text=The%20intention%20behind%20such%20approaches,common%20consumers%20of%20the%20news.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/216422046_SOCIAL_RESPONSIBILITY_OF_MEDIA_AND_INDIAN_DEMOCRACY

  

Press and Democracy 

Links: https://www.philosophytalk.org/shows/democracy-and-press

https://opentextbc.ca/mediastudies101/chapter/media-and-democracy/

https://blog-ipleaders-in.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/blog.ipleaders.in/media-democracy-indispensable-relationship/amp/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16112138505351&amp_ct=1611213855227&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fblog.ipleaders.in%2Fmedia-democracy-indispensable-relationship%2F

 

Contemporary debates and issues relating to media 

Links - https://mediasmarts.ca/digital-media-literacy/media-issues

https://study.com/academy/lesson/contemporary-journalism-its-role-in-society.html

https://www.abci.in/article-media-ethics.htm

Paid news

Links - https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paid_news_in_India

https://nenow-in.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/nenow.in/north-east-news/assam/paid-news-threat-to-media-credibility.html/amp?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16112143404784&amp_ct=1611214385178&csi=1&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fnenow.in%2Fnorth-east-news%2Fassam%2Fpaid-news-threat-to-media-credibility.html

https://blog-ipleaders-in.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/blog.ipleaders.in/story-behind-paid-news-elections/amp/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16112143404784&amp_ct=1611214406857&csi=1&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fblog.ipleaders.in%2Fstory-behind-paid-news-elections%2F

https://www.livemint.com/Sundayapp/99wmj0hcFnXQtSKIHlrH0I/Paid-news-and-the-economics-of-the-news-industry.html

  

Ethics in journalism

Links: 

https://ethicaljournalismnetwork-org.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/ethicaljournalismnetwork.org/resources/publications/ethical-journalism/journalism-ethics?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&amp&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16112144701298&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fethicaljournalismnetwork.org%2Fresources%2Fpublications%2Fethical-journalism%2Fjournalism-ethics

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/what-is-ethics-in-journalism-learn-about-journalism-ethics-with-tips-from-legendary-journalist-bob-woodward#what-are-ethics-in-journalism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journalism_ethics_and_standards

https://ethicaljournalismnetwork.org/resources/publications/ethical-journalism/journalism-ethics

https://thescrbblr.in/20304-2/

https://www.barandbench.com/news/litigation/republic-tv-making-trp-scam-fir-a-media-spectacle-mumbai-police

https://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/trp-scam-case-times-group-plans-to-take-legal-action-against-barc-121012201367_1.html#:~:text=As%20evidence%20of%20massive%20television,India%20%2D%2D%20for%20massive%20loss